Malarone Tabs 12 TABS

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Malarone Tabs 12 TABS

Malarone Tabs 12 TABS


What Malarone is and what it is used for


Malarone belongs to a group of medicines called antimalarials.  It contains two active ingredients,
atovaquone and proguanil hydrochloride.

What Malarone is used for


Malarone has two uses:
ƒ to prevent malaria
ƒ to treat malaria
Dosage instructions for each use are in Section 3, How to take Malarone.
Malaria is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito, which passes the malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) into the bloodstream.  Malarone prevents malaria by killing this parasite.  For people who
are already infected with malaria, Malarone also kills these parasites.

Protect yourself from catching malaria


People of any age can get malaria.  It is a serious disease, but is preventable.
As well as taking Malarone, it is very important that you also take steps to avoid being bitten by
mosquitoes.
ƒ Use insect repellent on exposed areas of the skin
ƒ Wear light coloured clothing that covers most of the body, especially after sunset as this is the
time when mosquitoes are most active
ƒ Sleep in a screened room or under a mosquito net impregnated with insecticide
ƒ Close windows and doors at sunset, if they are not screened
ƒ Consider using an insecticide (mats, spray, plug-ins) to clear a room of insects or to deter
mosquitoes from entering the room. 
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→ If you need further advice, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
It is still possible to get malaria after taking the necessary precautions.  Some types of malaria
infection take a long time to cause symptoms, so the illness may not start until several days, weeks or
even months after returning from abroad.
→ See a doctor immediately if you get symptoms such as high temperature, headache, shivering
and tiredness after returning home.

2.  What you need to know before you take Malarone


Do not take Malarone:
ƒ if you are allergic to atovaquone, proguanil hydrochloride or any of the ingredients of this
medicine listed in section 6.
ƒ for preventing malaria, if you have severe kidney disease.
→ Tell your doctor if either of these apply to you.
Take special care with Malarone
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Malarone if:
ƒ you have severe kidney disease
ƒ your child is being treated for Malaria and weighs less than 11 kg.  There is another tablet strength
to treat children who weigh less than 11 kg (see section 3).
→ Tell your doctor or pharmacist if any of these applies to you.
Other medicines and Malarone
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken, or might take any other
medicines, including medicines you've bought without a prescription.
Some medicines can affect the way Malarone works, or Malarone itself can strengthen or weaken the
effectiveness of other medicines taken at the same time.  These include:
ƒ metoclopramide, used to treat nausea and vomiting
ƒ the antibiotics, tetracycline, rifampicin and rifabutin
ƒ efavirenz or certain highly active protease-inhibitors used to treat HIV
ƒ warfarin and other medicines that stop blood clotting
ƒ etoposide used to treat cancer.
→ Tell your doctor if you are taking any of these.  Your doctor may decide that Malarone isn't
suitable for you, or that you need extra check ups while you're taking it.
→ Remember to tell your doctor if you start taking any other medicines while you're taking
Malarone.

Malarone with food and drink


Take Malarone with food or a milky drink, where possible.  This will increase the amount of
Malarone your body can absorb, and make your treatment more effective.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant, do not take Malarone unless your doctor recommends it.
→ Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking Malarone
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Do not breast-feed while taking Malarone, as the ingredients of Malarone may pass into breast milk
and may harm your baby.
Driving and using machines
If you feel dizzy, do not drive.
Malarone makes some people feel dizzy.  If this happens to you, do not drive, use machines or take
part in activities where you may put yourself or others at risk.

3.  How to take Malarone


Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you.  Check with your
doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Take Malarone with food or a milky drink, where possible.
It is best to take Malarone at the same time each day.
If you are sick (vomit)
For preventing malaria:
ƒ if you are sick (vomit) within 1 hour of taking your Malarone tablet, take another dose straight
away
ƒ it is important to take the full course of Malarone.  If you have to take extra tablets due to
sickness, you may need another prescription.
ƒ if you have been vomiting, it is especially important to use extra protection, such as repellents
and bednets.  Malarone may not be as effective, as the amount absorbed will be reduced.
For treating malaria:
ƒ if you have vomiting and diarrhoea tell your doctor, you will need regular blood tests.
Malarone will not be as effective, as the amount absorbed will be reduced.  The tests will check
whether the malaria parasite is being cleared from your blood.
__________________________________________________________________________________
To prevent malaria
The recommended usual dose for adults is 1 tablet once a day, taken as below.
Not recommended for preventing malaria in children, or in adults who weigh less than 40 kgs.
Malarone paediatric tablets are recommended for preventing malaria in adults and children who weigh
less than 40 kgs.
To prevent malaria in adults:
ƒ start taking Malarone 1 to 2 days before travelling to an area which has malaria
ƒ continue taking it every day during your stay
ƒ continue taking it for another 7 days after your return to a malaria-free area.
To treat malaria
The recommended dose for adults is 4 tablets once a day for 3 days.
For children the dose depends on their bodyweight:
ƒ 11-20 kg - 1 tablet once a day for 3 days
ƒ 21-30 kg - 2 tablets once a day for 3 days
ƒ 31-40 kg - 3 tablets once a day for 3 days
ƒ over 40 kg - dose as for adults. 
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Not recommended for treating malaria in children who weigh less than 11 kgs.
For children who weigh less than 11 kgs talk to your doctor.  There may be a different type of
Malarone tablet available in your country.
____________________________________________________________________________
If you take more Malarone than you should
Contact a doctor or pharmacist for advice.  If possible show them the Malarone pack.
If you forget to take Malarone
It is very important that you take the full course of Malarone.
If you forget to take a dose, don't worry.  Just take your next dose as soon as you remember.  Then
continue your treatment as before.
Don't take extra tablets to make up for a missed dose.  Just take your next dose at the usual time.
Don't stop taking Malarone without advice
Keep taking Malarone for 7 days after you return to a malaria-free area.  Take the full course of
Malarone for maximum protection.  Stopping early puts you at risk of getting malaria, as it takes 7
days to ensure that any parasites that may be in your blood following a bite from an infected mosquito
are killed.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4.  Possible side effects of Malarone


Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Look out for the following severe reactions.  They have occurred in a small number of people, but
their exact frequency is unknown.
Severe allergic reactions - signs include:
ƒ rash and itching
ƒ sudden wheezing, tightness of the chest or throat, or difficulty breathing
ƒ swollen eyelids, face, lips, tongue or other part of the body.
→ Contact a doctor immediately if you get any of these symptoms.  Stop taking Malarone.
Severe skin reactions
ƒ skin rash, which may blister and looks like small targets (central dark spots, surrounded by paler
area with a dark ring around the edge) (erythema multiforme)
ƒ severe widespread rash with blisters and peeling skin, particularly occurring around the mouth,
nose, eyes and genitals (Stevens-Johnson syndrome).
→ If you notice any of these symptoms contact a doctor urgently.
Most of the other side effects reported have been mild and have not lasted very long.
Very common side effects
These may affect more than 1 in 10 people:
ƒ headache
ƒ feeling sick and being sick (nausea and vomiting)
ƒ stomach pain
ƒ diarrhoea. 
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Common side effects
These may affect up to 1 in 10 people:
ƒ dizziness
ƒ sleeping problems (insomnia)
ƒ strange dreams
ƒ depression
ƒ loss of appetite
ƒ fever
ƒ rash which may be itchy
ƒ cough
Common side effects, which may show up in your blood tests are:
ƒ reduced numbers of red blood cells (anaemia) which can cause tiredness, headaches and shortness
of breath
ƒ reduced numbers of white blood cells (neutropenia) which may make you more likely to catch
infections
ƒ low levels of sodium in the blood (hyponatraemia)
ƒ an increase in liver enzymes.
Uncommon side effects
These may affect up to 1 in 100 people:
ƒ anxiety
ƒ an unusual awareness of abnormal beating of the heart (palpitations)
ƒ swelling and redness of the mouth
ƒ hair loss.
Uncommon side effects that may show up in your blood tests:
ƒ an increase in amylase (an enzyme produced in the pancreas).
Rare side effects
These may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people:
ƒ seeing or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations)
Other side effects
ƒ Other side effects have occurred in a small number of people but their exact frequency is
unknown.
ƒ Inflammation of the liver(hepatitis)
ƒ blockage of the bile ducts (cholestatis)
ƒ increase in heart rate (tachycardia)
ƒ inflammation of the blood vessels (vasculitis) which may be visible as red or purple raised spots
on the skin but can affect other parts of the body
ƒ fits (seizures)
ƒ panic attacks, crying
ƒ nightmares
ƒ severe mental health problem in which the person loses contact with reality and is unable to think
and judge clearly
ƒ mouth ulcers
ƒ blisters
ƒ peeling skin
ƒ increased sensitivity of the skin to sunlight. 
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Other side effects that may show up in your blood tests:
ƒ A decrease in all types of blood cells (pancytopenia).
Reporting of side effects
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.  This includes any possible side
effects not listed in this leaflet.  You can also report side effects directly via the Yellow Card Scheme
at: .
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5.  How to store Malarone
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date shown on the carton.
Malarone does not require any special storage conditions.
Do not throw away any medicines via waste water or household waste.  Ask your pharmacist how to
throw away medicines you no longer use.  This will help protect the environment.
6.  Contents of the pack and other information
What Malarone contains
The active ingredients are: 250 mg of atovaquone and 100 mg of proguanil hydrochloride in each
tablet.
The other ingredients are:
tablet core: poloxamer 188, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxypropyl cellulose, povidone K30,
sodium starch glycollate (Type A), magnesium stearate
tablet coating: hypromellose, titanium dioxide (E171), iron oxide red (E172), macrogol 400 and
polyethylene glycol 8000 (see section 2).
→ Tell your doctor, without taking Malarone if you might be allergic to any of these
ingredients.

Malarone Tabs 12 TABS

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